Best solution for Water Jet Wood Cutter

The arrival of the water jet wood cutter has ushered in a new era for woodworking. Its powerful cutting capabilities and extreme precision make it perfect for cutting through thick and thin wood, allowing you to tackle many different projects. With this cutting technology, there’s no waste, no hassle, and no mess.

At IVYCNC, we understand that our clients have many concerns when it comes to waterjet wood cutting. That’s why, we’re here to help answer those questions and offer the best possible solution for your needs.

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Picking The Right Water Jet Wood Cutter

FEDJET G-Series Waterjet Cutter (1)
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Gantry waterjet 5 axis
More accurate and environmentally friendly.
HEAD Gantry
With the fastest cutting speed and the best accuracy.
A Series
The new generation of plate water cutting machine.
G2515-D3X Waterjet Cutter
Makes high production easy.
Teenking DV 5X waterjet cutter
Very good performance in parquet cutting of various materials.

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Application of Water Jet Wood Cutter


Wooden toys are a perfect example of a project that can be easily accomplished with a water jet wood cutter. The intricate cuts and designs that are possible with this technology allow you to create beautiful & unique toys. Wooden blocks, puzzles and animals are just some of the things you can cut with a waterjet cutter.


Cutting highly exact cuts and intricate designs makes waterjet cutting a great choice for custom-made table tops. You can also use a waterjet cutter to create the legs and other parts of the table. Plus, the abrasive waterjet cutting process ensures that you won't have to exert much effort when cutting through thick wood.


The waterjet cutter can be used to create hulls, decks and many other parts for boats. It enables precise cuts with high tolerance, ensuring that all parts will fit perfectly together. You can speed up the production process by cutting multiple layers of wood at one time. There is also no need to worry about knots in the wood.


With a waterjet wood cutter, you can cut shutters of all kinds of shapes and sizes with ease. Whether you want to create plantation shutters, bahama shutters, or any other type of shutter, the waterjet can handle it. Additionally, the clean-cut & smooth finish eliminates the second operation of sanding the edges.


Ladders can be cut by the waterjet with high-pressure jets that can be adjusted to produce custom-fit rungs, side rails, and other pieces of wood. The process does not affect the strength of the wood, making it a great option for ladder production. And since it makes smooth cuts, it's easy to paint or stain the ladder after it's been cut.

Doors & Windows

Because there are no limits to the types of wood that can be cut with a waterjet, you can create doors, windows and other products with very detailed designs - all without the need for high-quality finishing work. Microjet allows for the precise cutting of fine geometries, so you don't have to worry about burrs or distortion.
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Why use Water Jet Wood Cutters

Wood is a very resilient and conductive material, which makes it important to use a machine that will not damage the material and lose its properties. To avoid this, waterjet cutting is emerging as a new manufacturing technique that is truly changing the game. All that makes waterjet so advantageous is its versatility, lack of thermal effect, and speed - not to mention accuracy.

Stack Cutting

Waterjet machines are great at cutting multiple layers of material by stacking them on top of each other. The entire process becomes much faster and more economical. You can cut wood up to several inches thick with the same accuracy as with a single layer. The reason is that waterjet machines produce a supersonic jet of water that is very powerful and can cut through any material, no matter how thick it is.

Precise Cut-outs

Waterjet machines are capable of cutting intricate designs and shapes with ease. They use a very fine stream of water that can cut through any material and is extremely consistent in terms of tolerance - maintaining a fractional tolerance of less than 0.001″. The end results will give you very smooth and precise cuts. They will have a more sand-blasted look, which means that there are no burrs or heat-affected areas.

No Thickness Limitation

Waterjet cutting is a versatile process that can be used to cut any softwood or hardwood material, no matter how thick it may be. When abrasive garnet is mixed with water and pressed together at a pressure of around 60,000 psi, it create a stream that is capable of cutting materials up to 5” thick at speeds of up to 600”/minute. And because the process is completely cold, there's no warping or heat-affected zone to worry about.

No Water Absorption

Wood is a naturally absorbent material, which means that it can easily swell and warp when exposed to water. And since the waterjet cutting process is completely dependant on water, you might be worried about the wood becoming damaged. But it's not true! The water stream has high pressure and velocity, so the wood won't have time to absorb the water and will be completely dry by the time you finish cutting.
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The Ultimate FAQ Guide
Water Jet Wood Cutter

A CNC water jet wood cutter is a piece of industrial equipment that allows you to cut and shape wood using a high-speed stream of water (mixed with abrasive). The nozzle shoots the stream of water at very high pressure through a small nozzle, which then cuts through the wood.

The high-pressure stream of water produced by the water jet cutter travels at speeds up to 2.5 times the speed of sound, depending on how much water pressure is applied. This makes it possible to cut through even the hardest woods very quickly and easily.

All of this process is controlled by a computer numerical control or CNC. This allows for precise and accurate cuts to be made every time.

Water jet wood-cutting machines have been around for a few years, but they’ve recently begun to gain popularity in the woodworking industry.

They offer plenty of advantages over traditional methods and other CNC machines, making them a great choice for a variety of industries and applications.

Cold Cutting Process: Waterjet is a cold cutting process, which means that no heat is generated during the cutting process. This is beneficial because it eliminates distortion and warping that can occur with other methods, resulting in a cleaner, more precise cut.

Simple and Versatile: Waterjet machines are relatively simple in terms of design and operation. They can cut a wide range of materials, including wood, stone, glass, and metal. Their powerful jets can cut through 25-30 cm (10-12 inches) of almost any material.

Precise & Superb Cut Quality: With a very tight tolerance of 0.025 mm (0.001 inches), waterjet machines can create very precise and intricate cuts. The smooth finish and lack of burrs also result in an excellent cut quality that doesn’t require any post-processing.

Faster and Cost-Effective: Waterjet allows you to stack multiple pieces of wood and cut them all at once with better cut-quality results, which means faster production times and increased efficiency. Additionally, it requires less investment in complicated tooling.

The process of how a water jet wood cutter works is broken down into three stages. Each stage plays an important role in the overall process, and all three are interconnected.

Stage 1: Pressurize the Water

The first stage in the process is to pressurize the water. This is done with a high-pressure pump, which increases the water pressure up to 90,000 psi (6,205 bar).

Stage 2: Convert Pressure into Velocity

In the second stage, a small jewel orifice (0.010” to 0.015” in diameter) is used to convert pressure into velocity. This transforms the water into a very high-speed and consistent stream capable of cutting through materials.

Stage 3: Add the Abrasive

The third stage is to add the abrasive. A garnet-based abrasive is added to the water stream through a mixing tube. This increases cutting power by a thousand times.

While waterjet cannot match the speed of plasma and laser cutter, it is still quite fast. When cutting material less than 1 inch thick, the waterjet can achieve a speed up to 10 times faster than EDM – with much better cut quality.

The waterjet can cut wood and other materials up to 5 inches thick at the speed of 600”/minute. This happens when operating the machine at 60,000 PSI pressure and using the abrasive garnet mixed with water.

Depending on the material being cut, its thickness, and other factors such as desired edge quality, part geometry, and pump horsepower, the speed of the waterjet will vary.

The waterjet cutter uses a controllable stream of water that is pressurized to extremely high levels, giving it the ability to achieve a very high degree of accuracy with little to no inconveniences.

After the first hole has been cut, the machine can achieve a tolerance level of +/-0.001 (0.025 mm) while maintaining consistency and accuracy. This will lead to greater accuracy in your cuts as well as lower kerf width and better cut quality.

The computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) software also help to increase the overall accuracy of the process.

Moreover, the ability of waterjet cutting to change the direction of its stream allows for minute adjustments in position, improving precision even further.

Waterjet machines are versatile and can easily cut through any softwood or hardwood. The waterjet’s ability to cut through 24 inches of the highest thickness makes it ideal for cutting many different kinds of wood.

And since most of the time manufacturers need to deal with wood having a thickness of 3 to 4 inches, the waterjet can cut through those with ease.

In most cases, a much greater depth can be cut through. However, tolerances can change and increase the amount of time it takes to cut through a material.

The waterjet cutter produces a very fine, consistent stream of water that can cut through almost any material – from the softest fabrics to the hardest metals. Where the pure waterjet is limited to softer materials, the abrasive waterjet can cut through harder substances.

This versatility makes water jet cutting an ideal process for almost every industry and application. It can practically cut and form any material to any shape or size that you need.

Even the most exotic metals and alloys can be easily cut with a waterjet with smooth edges. No burn marks, cracking, or excess burrs will be left on the material. The only material that a water jet can’t cut is diamonds and tempered glass.

Water jet cutters can cut through wood and other materials because of the extremely high pressure at which water is expelled. The pressure for these machines starts out at 30,000 psi and can go all the way up to 90,000 psi.

When cutting wood, you will need to set your pressure at 59,000-60,000 psi and the speed of the waterjet at 600”/minute. This combination will allow you to penetrate through thick wood quickly and easily.

Higher pressures provide a faster cutting speed. This increased productivity can be huge: for example, an increase in water pressure also increases accuracy and reduces time needed to cut a part.

When you want to cut through a material that is thicker or hard, you can use an abrasive substance. This makes the steam of water more powerful so that it can cut through the tough material.

When it comes to abrasive particles, silicon carbide, aluminum oxide, sand, and garnet are all common options. However, garnet is the most popular and efficient choice among them.

The reasons for the popularity of this abrasive are its unique characteristics and high performance. It also minimizes silica content, stabilizes cutting speed, and improves the overall profitability of the operation.

Water jet cutting produces very smooth, uniform edges thanks to the stream of water that does the cutting being extremely fine and having a constant pressure.

The ability to cut the material without risk of cutting errors, dust emissions, heat zones, or burnt edges means that the overall quality of edge finishes is greatly improved and they do not even need secondary finishing.

Edge quality on the waterjet has been graded in five levels: Quality 1 (Q1) is the lowest, with Quality 5 (Q5) being the highest. To achieve the best edge quality, it’s important to use the right combination of water speed, pressure, nozzle size, and abrasive flow rate.

Waterjet cutters rely on pressurized water to work, so the quality of that water is important. You may not always need to pre-treat the water if it is already free from minerals that could damage the components of the machine.

To determine if your water supply is suitable for use, you can check the total dissolved solids (TDS) content. TDS is basically a measure of minerals present in the water.

If the TDS level is at or below 250 ppm, then your water is suitable for use in a waterjet cutter. If your water has a TDS level above this threshold, most manufacturers suggest using reverse osmosis before using it with a water jet cutter.

The cost of a waterjet cutter will vary depending on various factors, such as the type of machine, its features and specifications, its brand and so on. It can also vary depending on what purpose you want to use the machine for.

Generally speaking, you can purchase a small, basic waterjet machine for between $40,000 and $60,000. Alternatively, you can opt for a larger and more advanced model that costs $100,000 to $200,000.

If you’re interested in getting a more accurate estimate for the price of a waterjet wood cutter, please contact our experts at IVYCNC.

The cost of running a waterjet cutter varies, with most estimates falling between $20 and $35 per hour. Of that cost, a significant portion goes toward consumable abrasive costs.

Of course, the number above will vary depending on your specific requirements. However, this is a quick breakdown of where these average costs come from:

Abrasive: Around 25 cents per pound (An average of 3 pounds per minute is used).

Replacement parts: Around $15,000 to $25,000 annually.

Electricity: Around $3000 and $9000 annually (If used 6 hours a day).

Water consumption: Around $3000 annually (If 0.5-1.5 gallons of water are used per minute).

The lifespan of a waterjet cutter will depend on how often it is used, how well it is maintained, and the quality of the machine itself. However, if you take care of your waterjet cutter and maintain it properly, it can last for decades.

Other than that, the consumables of waterjet cutting have a much longer lifespan than those of plasma and EDM. For example, a pressure pump used in the waterjet can last for 10,000 hours or more while other parts like the nozzle on the water jet can last for 100 hours.

When it comes to waterjet wood cutting, the process is considered relatively safe compared to other cutting technologies. However, there are still some safety risks that you need to be aware of.

To protect yourself from the dangers of high-pressure stream of water, wear the proper safety gear. Gloves and goggles are recommended for shielding your skin from contact with the water jet, and earplugs will help reduce noise levels.

The other safety consideration to be aware of is the risk of flying debris. When the waterjet cuts through wood, it creates tiny shards and splinters that can be dangerous if they hit you. So, make sure to keep yourself away from the cutting area.

Although waterjet cutting machines are known to last longer than other types of cutting tools, you will still need to replace any parts of the machine that come in contact with abrasive materials or high-pressure streams of water.

The quality of water can have a big impact on your consumable costs. If the water has high levels of dissolved solids, you’ll need to invest in a treatment system to keep maintenance worries to a minimum.

Some other maintenance tasks that are involved with a waterjet cutter include:

  • Cutting head replacement after 40 to 80 hours.
  • The mixing chamber has a 500-hour lifespan.
  • Replacement of the worn-out pneumatic valve.
  • Replacing high-pressure lines & fittings after 2,000 hours.
  • Replacing water nozzles (sapphires & rubies after 40–80 hours) and (diamond after 800 hours).
  • Replacing the pressure accumulator after 10,000 hours, the high-pressure cylinder & plungers after 5,000 hours, and the high-pressure seals after 500 hours.

The size of a waterjet cutter will vary depending on the model you choose and the material you’re cutting. However, most waterjet cutters are large, bulky machines requiring some dedicated space to operate.

Waterjet machines are available in three sizes: small, medium, and large. Small waterjet machines are 4×4 feet in size; medium waterjet machines range from 4×4 feet to 4×8 feet; large waterjet machines can handle material that is 8×16 feet in size.

You can also request custom layouts, but remember that the sizes listed above are not the total size of the machine. Rather, they represent only the size of the bed.

When you purchase a waterjet machine, you will likely receive training on how to operate the machine. Waterjet training is important because it gives you the skills and knowledge you need to safely and effectively use the machine.

For example, SAME Waterjet offers one-on-one training during machine setup. This can be useful for beginners who want to learn how to control the system for cutting purposes and find out more about their system. They also have access to their video library of video training material.

If you have any problems with your waterjet machine, you can always turn to the manufacturer for support. Most companies that sell waterjet machines offer some form of technical support, whether it’s over the phone, online, or in person.

For example, SAME Waterjet offers a 24/7 support line for its customers. So, if you have any questions or problems, you can contact them immediately without waiting for hours or days for a response. They also have local services options in specific countries.

Yes, waterjet machine manufacturers typically have a network of technicians that they can dispatch to your location in the event of a problem.

These technicians are highly trained and experienced in repairing waterjet machines, so you can rest assured that your machine will be up and running again in no time.

In fact, manufacturers like SAME Waterjet have both on-site and remote support options available so you can receive the help you need no matter where you are.

Waterjet technology has made great strides in recent years, making it easier than ever before to use this powerful tool. Waterjet cutting machines are quickly becoming a strategic growth tool for any business looking to expand their capabilities.

Waterjet machines can be used to help your business grow in a number of ways. For example, they can help you create new product designs or produce parts faster and more precisely. They may also speed up production times and increase efficiency in your manufacturing process.

Waterjet machines can cut through just about anything. They have no limitations when it comes to the materials they can cut, meaning you can use them to process materials of any thickness or hardness. And because there’s no risk of warping or damage to delicate items, waterjet machines are ideal for processing sensitive materials.


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